A potato farmer with variable rate application machinery needed accurate data and maps of his farm to maximize crop density and health, as well as to control weed infestation. Agremo’s array of software analyses and the potato calendar confirmed his choice to analyze the remote sensed aerial images.
The farmer used a John Deere variable-rate drive planter to sow potatoes at 10 and 12 inches of intra-row spacing in the same field.
Traditional scouting methods were not useful for getting crop counts, as borders of the two plots were indistinguishable in the field. Exporting a border map from the My John Deere Operations Center to Agremo’s Stand Count Analysis provided a precise count of plants and comparison with expected populations of 18,449 plants/acre and 15,374 plants/acre for plots with 10-inches and 12-inches spacing, respectively.
To use the analysis, the farmer first obtained images of the entire field from a drone. Next, he stitched them to get a 2D map that he uploaded to the Agremo web app.
Following the same steps for all other analyses, the farmer used the Canopy Cover Analysis in the mid-season to find out which crop density showed a better growth rate. With a 96% canopy cover, the 12-inches spacing showed better plant health than the 10-inches plot that had only 89% canopy cover.
The Weed Analysis performed before the third herbicide treatment demonstrated that only 16.39% or 1.49 acres were infested. Furthermore, the SMS software allowed the farmer to prepare a prescriptive map depending on infestation intensity. He loaded the map to his John Deere tractor to enable variable herbicide spraying of his fields at the exact location of weed infestation.
Agremo’s superior artificial intelligence-driven analytics, clear guidance on the website, associated services (eg. drone operations), and help in preparing maps was a combination that aided the farmer in cutting costs, improving production, and estimating yield effortlessly.
Michael followed a simple three-step-process for each of the analyses.
To get high-resolution images, he used a drone with sensors and cameras compatible with Agremo software. Using the online stitching software provided by DroneDeploy, he got a seamless map of the entire farm by merging the images taken by the drones. Following simple guidelines provided by Agremo, he uploaded the ready map onto the Agremo web app. Then he chose the analysis he wanted, specified the crop and its stage of growth
Michael first exported field boundaries from the My John Deere Operations Center to demarcate the plots with the two plant spacings.
The insights showed the number of plants counted and the percentage of the difference between expected and counted plants per acre, while the map showed areas with fewer plants.
divided the map into two zones, one with canopy and the other without canopy, along with data on the percentage and actual acreage under each zone. The report showed Michael that
divided the farm into three zones:
Michael had weeds on only 16.39% of the farm and knew their exact location.
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Michael now had all the data he needed to make his decisions without having to resort to any further analysis or work on his part. He could make decisions based on precise analyses that had only a 2% error.
The map helped:
Table 1: Weed Analysis
Michael was amazed at how simple precision agriculture could be. Our instructions covered not just the use of the Agremo web app but had guided him throughout the entire process.
The plant numbers from the stand count analysis helped Michael estimate yield and plan his yield related processes before harvesting potatoes.
The canopy cover analysis showed an increase of 7% plant cover and an increase in productivity due to the use of 12-inch spacing.
By relying on traditional agriculture methods, treatment for the entire farm for the first and second rounds of herbicide applications costed $24.5/acre, and $16.50/acre respectively, as shown in Table 1.
Agremo weed analysis showed that only 1.94 acres out of the total 9.08 acres had weeds. Thus, $9.79/acre or a total of $88.90 for the entire farm, could be saved, after covering drone analysis costs of $4/acre.
As Michael’s experience showed, anyone can use precision farming techniques. Prior drone operating skills are not required and the Agremo web app is easy-to-use and understand.
Agremo technology can be used on any farm, however small or big, to make agricultural operations cost-effective, environmentally-sustainable, and productive.
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